Thing 10 – Video

Continue with Kevin Kelly on the next 5,000 days of the web

About Videos on The Web

The creation of YouTube made it relatively easy to upload and view videos on the Web.  Uploading is accomplished through the familiar browse your files and select one to upload. The videos are converted to Flash format and so they can be streamed or played without having to first download the video. YouTube got its start in 2005, but it was not alone. “Video websites pop up, invite postings,” written in November 2005 by Jefferson Graham, contains “YouTube, Vimeo, Sharkle, ClipShack and Blip.tv all aim to be video versions of Flickr, the Yahoo-owned site that has drawn millions of people who post photographs, then discuss them.” Sharkel desn’t seem to be around anymore, but Vimeo (founded in 2004), Blip.tv (founded in 2005) and Ustream.tv (founded in 2006) are. Some video sites focus on supporting particular types of videos, such as TeacherTube (founded in 2007) which hosts educational videos by the K-12 education community.

YouTube is the most popular, but it still has to turn a profit for its owners, Google, Inc. Google recently hired an executive from NetFlix  for that purpose according to an article published  May 31, 2011, by Dawn C. Chmielewski, in the  Los Angeles Times, “YouTube counting on former Netflix exec to help it turn a profit.” The article “72-hours of video uploaded to YouTube every minute” (May 22, 2012) states “Despite its massive global popularity, the California-based internet search and advertising giant has not yet announced a profit for the video-sharing site.”

Most users are limited to uploading 10 minutes of video to YouTube, but the site also hosts longer videos. For example, Professor Mike Wesch’s talk at the Library of Congress about the history of YouTube and its impact on communication, “An Anthropological Introduction to YouTube” is on YouTube and goes on for almost 60 minutes.

Searching for Videos
Here are a few places to search fro videos. Remember that for now, the search is on the text that accompanies the video.

Google Video http://video.google.com

The Google Video database contains millions of videos that exist on the Web. Using Google Video, you can search for TV shows, movie clips, music videos, documentaries, and more. The database is comprised of videos that people have uploaded to Google’s services, including YouTube, as well as videos from other sources.

Hulu http://www.hulu.com

Hulu is a free site that provides thousands of TV shows and films as streaming videos that contain short commercials.

Internet Archive Moving Images http://www.archive.org/details/movies

The Internet Archive keeps a permanent record of Web materials so historians, academics, and other researchers can access them. It also serves as a repository for moving images (video), audio files, texts, and software in the public domain or available for use through a creative commons license. There are over 200,000 videos in the moving images collection ranging from historical pieces such as the Kennedy-Nixon presidential debates to cartoons form the 1930s and 1940s.

iTunes http://www.apple.com/itunes/download

iTunes not only provides music, audiobooks, and podcasts, but also videos, including films and television shows. Some podcasts are video podcasts. There’s lots of free stuff available as well as films and episodes of TV shows that can be rented or purchased.

YouTube http://www.youtube.com

YouTube is the leading video-sharing Web site. YouTube allows people to upload and share video clips on its Web site as well as through mobile devices, blogs, and email. With millions of videos available, you will find current events, historical events and videos on virtually anything that may interest you. YouTube, owned by Google, has partnerships with several content providers, including CBS and BBC. Register for your own account at YouTube, and you can comment on videos and easily share them. Once registered you’ll be able to join the YouTube community.

Hands on Activities
(from Podcasting- IPL Wiki, http://ipl.ci.fsu.edu/community/wiki/index.php/Videos, but the order is changed)

  1. Sign up for a free account and explore a video content sharing site such as YouTube, Vimeo, Blip.tv, Ustream.tv and TeacherTube to see what features it has for users. Some things to look for would be the ability to “favorite” videos of other users, comment on and rate others’ videos, create ‘playlists’ of related videos, and more. Try some of these features out, such as ‘subscribing’ to a channel or ‘favoriting’ videos, to see how they work.
  2. Create a short video. Use your webcam, digital video camera, or capture activity on your computer using a screen capture program such as Jing or CamStudio ; alternatively, you can make a video out of digital photos using Animoto. If you are using a screen capture program that does not record sound, you can capture sound simultaneously using Audacity. (With Animoto, you will be able to select a music soundtrack; note though that you are limited to 30 seconds of video on a free account as in this IPL example Animoto video.) Second, you’ll likely want to edit your video with a video editor such as Windows Movie Maker, Apple’s iMovie or Camtasia. If you plan to upload your video to YouTube, you will want to cut the length to 10 minutes or less for each video and to export/produce/save the video in MPEG4 (.mp4) format. Finally, upload your video to a Web content sharing site such as Youtube, Blip.tv, Vimeo, UStream.tv or Teachertube. To upload, you’ll first need to create an account; for Animoto and Jing, during the setup or production process you’ll be prompted to establish accounts at a content sharing site (Animoto allows uploading to YouTube or Smugmug while Jing works with Screencast.) Lastly, play your video online to see how it looks and sounds. Many content sharing sites will also have a way for you to copy html code that allows you to ’embed’ your video into your own online blog or webpage if you wish.
  3. Create a remixed video. Using the Creative Commons, you can search for freely downloadable images, videos, and audio/music that has been licensed for distribution, remixing and reuse (click on the blip.tv link in Creative Commons search for video, Jamendo for music and Flickr for images). Be sure to copy down the creators’ names to give appropriate credit in your video to those artists; look for anything on the item that tells you about ‘rights’ or ‘attribution’ to give credit properly (a link in Flickr, for example, could say ‘some rights reserved’ – click on that link to learn more about use and attribution for that item).
  4. Do you need to download a video? Follow the instructions at “deturl.com – download videos from YouTube.
  5. Read about the YouTube Partner Program, http://www.youtube.com/partners. What are some benefits of joining that program? Drawbacks?

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